1. Why is he called the "firstborn of all creation"? (Col. 1:15, Rev 3:14)
In order to understand this concept, we must read the passage in context via the original Aramaic:
Colossians 1: 15. who is the likeness of the invisible Elohim and the first-born of all creatures: 16. and by him was created everything that is in heaven and on earth, all that is visible and all that is invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; everything was through him and was created by him:(1) 17. and he was prior to all, and by him every thing exists. 18. And he is the head of the body the Assembly; as he is the head and first-born from among the dead, that he might be the first in all things. 19. For it pleased (the Father) that in him all fullness should dwell; 20. and by him, to reconcile all things to himself; and through him he has pacified, with the blood of his stake, both (those) on earth and those in heaven.(2) (Aramaic English New Testament)
Footnote: The literal Aramaic reading is "by him," whereas Greek and English texts have "for him." Mashiyach is the creative Word through which everything was made (Psalm 33:6, John 1:1-5, Hebrews 1:1-5). The common Aramaic idiom here and in John is "through his hands" meaning as the Word, Mashiyach crafted all things according to YHWH's blueprints. Mashiyach Yeshua emerges as the Word from YHWH's breath and command and, as such, was with Him in the beginning (John 17:1-11).
Yeshua, in a nutshell:
First of all, our Creator's Name is never "Jehovah" (Jehovah is a perversion of His true Name!), and YHWH's Son was never called "Jesus" but rather, Yeshua (Hebrew for "YHWH is Salvation"). Please see Matthew 1.
Secondly, Yeshua - the Torah observant, tallit-wearing, Seventh Day Sabbath and Biblical Feast-keeping, kosher Jew - was "an arm of YHWH" (Isaiah 53:1) who came to proclaim the Kingdom of YHWH (Luke 4:43, 10:60), and His Apostles backed everything He said and did:
Luke 4: 43 "But he (Yeshua/Jesus) said, "I must preach the good news of the Kingdom of God to the other towns also, because that is why I was sent."
Acts 28: 23 "From morning till evening the Apostle Paul explained and declared the Kingdom of God and tried to convince people about Yeshua from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets."
Acts 24: 14. But this indeed I (Paul) acknowledge, that in that same doctrine of which they speak, I do serve the Elohim of my fathers, believing all the things written in Torah and in the prophets.
Yeshua, although a human born of a virgin, had a divine qnoma (nature) which allowed Him to be "YHWH-Come-in-the-Flesh". He was never part of any "trinity" because YHWH is ONE! According to the Aramaic English New Testament:
Qnoma is a very important term that has been greatly diluted and misunderstood over the centuries. Through an exceedingly complex linguistic chain of events this word, meaning "an occurrence of a nature" got morphed and perverted into "person" in Greek. As a result, the One Elohim (YHWH) is represented in a pagan manner in the Greek New Testament as a "person" distinct and equal with "Elohim the Son" and "Elohim the Ruach haKodesh." Instead, it is the oneness of YHWH that manifests in Mashiyach, not that Mashiyach's divinity is separate from his Father's. However, in this case we are talking about humanity and not YHWH, and both of them have "natures" that cannot be seen, and yet are a root part of their being.
Or, to put it another way, a "nature" is like a body hidden behind a curtain. For those in the audience, nothing of that nature can be seen. Then, all of a sudden, a hand and part of an arm appears through the veil. While we know there is a body attached to that limb, the limb is all we see. Furthermore, that arm moves with full force, will and agreement of the mind that controls the body. For the viewers, the arm appearing out of the curtain is the qnoma (occurrence) and the hidden mind behind that limb's movement is its kyanna (nature). As the centuries moved along, the ancient meaning of qnoma as "occurrence of a nature" devolved by Aramaic assemblies who compromised with the Byzantine Empire. Gradually, "core substance" became the common definition; at first it closely paralleled its Greek counterpart, hypostasis. More time passed and Greek redactors changed the meaning of hypostasi, taking it further from the original definition of qnoma. Qnoma/hypostasis became equivalent to "person" to line up with Greek passages that used this meaning in the form of the word prospon.
Imagine a fiber optics lamp with thousands of tiny tubes emanating light. Note that these tubes are connected to one single Base. YHWH can be likened to the Base of that lamp, which is the actual Power or Source. The little tubes are all a part of that Power, and Yeshua can be likened to one of those tubes. Yeshua was but ONE aspect of YHWH, eternally connected to YHWH; thus, He was “YHWH in the Flesh” while He walked the Earth. That does not mean that while Yeshua walked the Earth, YHWH was no longer in charge of the universe; Yeshua isn’t the “Base” – YHWH is! The “Base” controls everything and everything is dependent upon that Base.
How YHWH chooses to reveal Himself to us is up to Him, but we cannot limit Him by insisting He is a “trinity" or "persons" because YHWH (God) is a Spirit; we cannot even look upon Him without dying. His Son Yeshua was here in HUMAN form (not to replace YHWH, but to walk out His Will) and to "put a face on God" (so to speak) and to show us how to worship and obey Him through Torah. The memory of Yeshua (and consequently YHWH) is the Holy Spirit (Ruach haKodesh in Hebrew) that appears as the "still small voice" also known as bat kol, or "daughter of a voice." (For instance, when your parents die, their memory stays with you and will nudge you to remember not to touch that hot stove or you'll get burned, or not to tell a lie, or not to hurt animals, etc. The Ruach is "that small, still voice" from God that nudges you to know right from wrong, good from evil - according to God's Torah. It's not a "person" but the spirit of that parent/person that resides within your very being and keeps you on that straight and narrow path.)
YHWH has revealed Himself to us in MANY ways, including speaking to Moses through a "burning bush"; as "pillars of cloud and fire" to the Israelites in the desert for 40 years; as "a man" to Jacob when He broke Jacob's thigh (Gen. 32:24-32); "three men" to Abraham at the Oaks of Mamre; and He even talked through a donkey! So, to call Him a "trinity" or "persons" is like putting Him in a box to limit Him. Trinity cannot be found in the Bible - anywhere; that is because YHWH never told us He was "three persons" in One!